India has always been the land of rivers and lakes with land that is fertile. Agriculture in history can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization according to archaeology. Rice and cotton were extensively cultivated in the Indus valley. Vedic hymns are the sign of first agricultural activity in the Indian peninsula. The hymns very intricately record the various tools used in agriculture in that era. The hymns also have information about irrigation systems used in fruit and vegetable cultivation. There is also mention of 12 kinds of agricultural lands and what can be grown there.
Modern Green Revolution
After the decline of the Vedic civilization and the fall of the Indus Valley to natural disaster, Indian knowledge of agriculture was lost. The area which was the largest producer of all kinds of food grains was short on supply of food grains. During the Mughal era, some improvements were made in the system but that was not enough. It was British who made a significant investment in research in the agriculture field and established various Universities where research and education relating to agriculture was done. If you want to study agriculture in India, you can find about these Universities on Schoolapply.co.in.
M S Swaminathan the pioneer of green revolution
After independence when the British left India, new agricultural policies were made by the government as India was primarily an agricultural economy. The droughts in the year 1965 and 1966 forced a change in the policies via the introduction of the high yielding varieties of crops and the man behind it was M S Swaminathan known as the one who started the era of green revolution. Soon India produced enough food grains for itself and started exporting them too. The contribution of the agricultural scientist Swaminathan has made India the second largest food grains producing country in the world. That is an achievement for an overly populous country like India.