Agriculture is one of India’s most prominent and significant sectors within their economy. This sector is crucial not only to the imports, exports, GDP but also employment and the country’s socioeconomic framework. Agricultural land makes up over 40% of the country’s land mass. The sector is the sole income and means for over two thirds of the Indian population. It is the largest contributor to Indian GDP, having acquired over 18% of the GDP.
Agriculture also plays a large role in the socioeconomic development in India. The success of the agriculture sector and the increasing number of technologies and resources available have made the country self-sufficient in nature and less dependent on food imports. The country’s shift focused to this important sector following the 1960 food sector crisis. This push for a strong agricultural presence has led to a Green Movement in the country which has lead to initiatives and an agricultural focus on the acquisition of more land for more cultivation; the expansion of irrigation facilities; the implementation and introduction of higher yielding and more effective seeds; the use and application of recent agricultural research; better water management; and more cautious and effective use of fertilizers, pesticides and cropping applications.
Wheat and rice have since gained prominence and this increase in production lead to the development of new technologies and programs to facilitate production. Technology has continued to find its place in this sector and has proven to play a significant role in the efficiency and success of farmers and agricultural stakeholders of all shapes and sizes. Alongside technological developments and continuous improvement, the government continues to welcome the steady growth and development as they have introduced initiatives such as the Ministry of Food Processing Industries to continue to make the sector lucrative and sustainable. Organizations such as ICAAP provide farmers the tools to stimulate growth and help eliminate barriers to agricultural growth.